This paper analyses the relationship between an adolescent personality’s psychological boundaries and styles of family interactions. This approach allows describing the behavioural manifestations of parental attitudes and relationships at interactions with their children. In addition, one of the article goals was to examine the scientific problem, namely, how stable parental patterns of interactions and attitudes to their children affect the adolescents’ personality, their desires and psychological capabilities.
We explored the boundaries of Self, their function as well as parental attitudes as they perceived by adolescents themselves with a set of psychological diagnostic methods. The study involved two groups of adolescents (younger and older adolescents) with 63 people in each group. The obtained results suggested that the parental styles of “acceptance” and “co-operation” correlated positively with the significantly greater number of boundary functions at the stage of older adolescence than that of younger adolescents. On the contrary, control and infantilisation, as styles of parental attitudes towards their children, inhibited the development of boundary functions. We also investigated the development and differentiation of boundary functions at adolescence and their strong links with meaningful relationships. The further conclusion was made that a lack of psychological boundaries was a result of distorted parenting styles. In turn, the lack of boundaries caused infringement and drawbacks in adolescents’ personality, manifested in unstable self-esteem; dependence of self-estimates on estimates made by significant others; loss of personality, etc. At the same time, the primary reasons for the lack of psychological boundaries at adolescence are distorted parenting styles and, possibly, underdeveloped personal boundaries of parents themselves.
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