The article examines the scientific approaches to stress resistance, defines its components, analyzes stress management strategies, and discloses the mechanism of stress resistance formation. Thus, the performed analysis of a large number of modern scientific works concerning military personnel’s stress resistance allows us to state that the problem is interesting because effective stress overcoming can be achieved thanks to the understanding of the essence of an individual’s stress resistance, its main determinants and components, the studied methodological bases for stress resistance formation at military personnel during their professional development.
In order to identify mobilized military personnel’s stress resistance, we carried out our empirical study on the basis of a jet artillery brigade, during which two groups of soldiers were investigated: mobilized soldiers working at the unit's permanent location (a combat free zone) and combatants. The study involved 60 people with an average age of 35 years; 30 of them were mobilized soldiers without combat experience at the anti-terrorist operation (ATO) zone and 30 respondents had combat experience at the ATO zone.
The obtained results show that 10% of the military respondents at the unit`s permanent location and 20% of the combatants had high tolerance to stressful situations. These data show that, in a stressful situation, such respondents are rather composed and are able to regulate their own emotions. At the same time, 60% of the respondents at the unit`s permanent location and 80% of the combatants showed moderate tolerance to stressful situations, which indicates that these respondents do not always behave correctly and adequately in a stressful situation. The combatants did not show poor tolerance to stressful situations, but 30% of the military personnel at the unit`s permanent location were characterized by high overwork and exhaustion.
According to the studied stress resistance, 50% of the military personnel at the unit`s permanent location showed the maximal stress resistance, as well as 16% of the respondents have high stress resistance, but a significant number of the respondents (34%) have low stress resistance. The combatants showed mostly (66%) high stress resistance and only a small number (4%) of them had low stress resistance. So, the results show that most of the combatants at the ATO zone are able to resist stress, while personnel at the unit`s permanent location are less resistant to stress conditions. Such indicators can be explained by insufficient physical, technical and psychological training of military personnel at the unit`s permanent location in difficult combat conditions. Military activities in the ATO zone usually enhance all individual resources and support effective actions.
The article proves that the maintained psychological stability and combat activity of military personnel during hostilities can be ensured by the psychologically justified professional trainings and practical work, the creation of favorable social and psychological conditions and the use of special methods of an individual’s psychological regulation. A promising direction of further research of the examined problem, based on the received research material, is to identify motivational resources to increase stress resistance of mobilized military personnel.
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