Olexandra Borokh
Oles Honchar Dnipro National University
Oxana Bayer
Alfred Nobel University
PDF 61-74 (Українська)


psychological pain

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The topic of self-injurious behavior is relatively new for the domestic academic psychology. The article presents the definition of the phenomenon of self-injurious behavior and problematic aspects connected with its conceptualization, the groups of subjects the most prone to its demonstration are specified. The most widespread classifications of forms and types of self-harming behavior are provided, the relations of self-harm with different behavioral manifestations and individual and psychological characteristics are described (low self-esteem, perfectionism, negative self-attitude and body image, and the feeling of failure); its basic psychological reasons (emotional and sexual violence as well as the experience of traumatization) and functions (cutting on psychological pain, decrease of tension, mastering the feeling of internal empiness and loss, attraction of attention, etc.) are summarized. The persisting nature of self-injurious behavior is stressed that demands separate investigation of the psychological interventions elaborated for the current moment. The analysis is made with reference to current foreign both descriptive theoretical works and relevant empirical research. The procedure of primary adaptation of E. Klonsky's ISAS questionnaire for the domestic use is presented: preparation of the Ukrainian version of translation with participation of 3 experts, involvement of the sample of research participants (initially 154 subjects aged 17-49, 82 females, finally 34 subjects aged 17-47, 30 females), finding indices of retest validity and internal consistency of the questionnaire. The calculations showed satisfactory indices for the relevant critetia of the validity of the questionnaire. At the end of the article the Ukrainian version of the translation of the questionnaire is given with the sub-scales (affect regulation, interpersonal boundaries, self-punishment, self-care, anti-dissociation / feeling generation, anti-suicide, sensation-seeking, peer-bonding, interpersonal influence, toughness, marking distress, revenge, and autonomy) and the key. Defining construct validity, making calculations as for the standartization of the questionnaire and its validity verification of a clinical sample are planned.


PDF 61-74 (Українська)


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