PERCEPTION OF THE WORD-STIMULUS «LIFE» WITNESSES OF THE HOLODOMOR AND THEIR DESCENDANTS
Iryna Yevchenko
Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3204-5954
Andrii Masliuk
O. Synytsa Laboratory of Psychology of Studies G. S. Kostiuk Institute of Psychology National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0530-9969
PDF 48-60 (Українська)

Keywords

life
trauma
famine
experiences
descendants of witnesses to the famine

How to Cite

Yevchenko, I., & Masliuk, A. (2021). PERCEPTION OF THE WORD-STIMULUS «LIFE» WITNESSES OF THE HOLODOMOR AND THEIR DESCENDANTS. PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL, 7(9), 48-60. https://doi.org/10.31108/1.2021.7.9.4

Abstract

The article contains the results of a comparative analysis of the associative series on the word-stimulus of «life» of famine witnesses and the descendants of famine witnesses in Ukraine.

The scientific approaches to determining the features of traumatic situations, the consequences of traumatization have been considered. The analysis of modern scientific works devoted to the problems of studying traumatic events, suggests that «unprocessed» trauma adversely affects the personal development of the personality and, accordingly, the consequences of traumatization affect future generations.

In order to identify the peculiarities of the perception of the word-stimulus of "life" by the descendants of famine witnesses, an empirical study was conducted in which three groups of descendants of the famine witnesses were identified: potential children of the witnesses to the famine (1st generation), potential grandchildren of the witnesses to the famine (2nd generation), potential right-wing victims (3rd generation). The participants of the survey knew about the events of the Holodomor in Ukraine, and a significant part received this knowledge not only in educational institutions, but also in their own families.

The analyzed results were compared with the results of the witnesses to the famine on the word-stimulus «life», which were obtained by one of the authors during the previous psychological research.

 According to the empirical research, we can say that the associative field of the word-stimulus of «life» in the witnesses to the famine and their descendants has significant differences. For the witnesses to famine and the descendants in the 1st generation, the associations with the word stimulus «life» have a more negative load, that is, the witnesses to the famine and the descendants in the 1st generation perceive life as complicated, more prone to disappointment. The representatives of the II and III generations have managed to rethink their attitude towards life, so they are attuned to a positive perception of life events.

The third generation pays the greatest attention to the time perspective of life, although age features contribute to the sharpened attitude to life events as something mythical, mysterious. According to the results of the study, we cannot unambiguously state the reduction of the traumatic impact of the Holodomor events in Ukraine with each future generation, so additional psychological research is needed.

 

PDF 48-60 (Українська)

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