Liudmyla Karamushka
G.S. Kostiuk Institute of Psychology, the National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine
PDF 26-37 (Українська)


biopsychosocial model
determinants of mental health
state and non-governmental strategies in ensuring mental health
general and profile programs for protection and strengthening of mental health

How to Cite



The purpose of the study. Based on the study of foreign experience to analyze the essence of mental health, its main determinants, strategies and programs and to determine the features of the use of foreign approaches in Ukraine.

The results of the study. The article analyzes the essence of mental health based on the analysis of foreign and domestic sources (documents of state and non-governmental organizations, scientific research), defines its role in the life of the individual, society and society.

      It is noted that according to the documents of the World Health Organization (WHO), mental health is an integral part of health, is a state of well-being in which a person realizes his abilities, can cope with ordinary life stresses, can work productively and effectively to help his community.

The role of the biopsychosocial model for determining the determinants of mental health is revealed. It is emphasized that according to the biopsychosocial model, a person is a holistic organism in which biological, psychological and social factors are constantly interrelated, so the idea of ​​human health, causes of diseases and its care depends on the characteristics and condition of each of these factors.

Government and non-governmental mental health strategies, general and specialized programs for the protection and promotion of mental health are analyzed in detail.

It is emphasized that Ukraine needs to actively participate in the study, development and implementation of international standards on mental health in Ukraine, improving the culture of the population on this issue, attracting specialists in various fields (physicians, psychologists, social workers) to diagnose mental health problems and various professional groups , implementation of appropriate psychological support programs.


PDF 26-37 (Українська)


Аналіз законодавства й політики у сфері психічного здоров’я України[Analysis of legislation and policy in the field of mental health in Ukraine].AnalIz zakonodavstva y polItiki u sferI psihIchnogo zdorov’ya UkraYini.URL: (дата звернення: 15.02.2021).

Бачерников, Н. Е., Петленко, В. П., Щербина, Е. А., (1985) Философские вопросы психиатрии. – К.,. С. 35-36.

«Концепція розвитку охорони психічного здоров’я в Україні на період до 2030 року». Схвалено розпорядженням Кабінет Міністрів України від 27 грудня 2017 р. № 1018-р.[«TheconceptofmentalhealthdevelopmentinUkraineuntil 2030." ApprovedbytheorderoftheCabinetofMinistersofUkrainedatedDecember 27, 2017 № 1018-r.»].«Kontseptsiia rozvytku okhorony psykhichnoho zdorovia v Ukraini na period do 2030 roku». Skhvaleno rozporiadzhenniam Kabinet Ministriv Ukrainy vid 27 hrudnia 2017 r. № 1018-r.URL.:р#n8 (дата звернення: 15.02.2021).

«Психічне здоров’я для України».[«MentalHealthforUkraine»].«Psykhichne zdorovia dlia Ukrainy».URL:дата звернення: 15.02.2021).

Психологічна енциклопедія., 2006 / автор-упорядник О. М. Степанов. — К. : «Академвидав», — 424 с

About Mental Health America. URL: (дата звернення: 20.02.2021).

BorrellarrióF,SuchmanAL,EpsteinRM:Thebiopsychosocialmodel25yearslater:principles,practice,and scientific inquiry.Annalsof FamilyMedicine. 2004. 2:576-582.

Deacon B.J. The biomedical model of mental disorder: A critical analysis of its validity, utility, and effects on psychotherapy research. Clinical Psychological Revieru. 2013; 33:846-61;

Dennerlein, J.T., Burke, L., Sabbath, E.L., Williams, J.A.R., Peters, S.E.; Wallace, L.; Karapanos, M.; Sorensen, G.An integrative total worker health framework for keeping workers safe andealthy during the COVID-19pandemic.HumanFactors. 2020.62.

Di Fabio A. Positive Healthy Organizations: Promoting Well-Being, Meaningfulness, and Sustainability in Organizations. Frontiers in Psychology. 2017.

EngelG.L: Theclinicalapplicationofthebiopsychosocialmodel.AmericanJournal of Psychiatry.1980;137:535-544.

Engel GL. The need for a new medical model: A challenge for biomedicine. Science. 1977; 196:129-36.

European Commission. «European Framework for Action on Mental Health and Wellbeing; EUJointActiononMentalHealthandWellbeing» (Brussels,Belgium,2016):URL:

EuropeanCommission.«Togetherformentalhealthandwell-being:EuropeanPactforMentalHealth and Well-Being».In Proceedings of the EU High-Level Conference (Brussels, Belgium, 12–13 June 2008). URL:

Lane RD. Is it possible to bridge the Biopsychosocial and Biomedical models? Biopsychosocial Medicine. 2014; 8:3.

Mental Health Europe (MHE). URL.:дата звернення: 20.02.2021).

Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). Guidance on Preparing Workplaces for COVID-19;Department of Labor:Washington, WA, USA, 2020. URL:

Ren, T.; Cao, L.; Chin, T. Crafting jobs for occupational satisfaction and innovation among manufacturingworkersfacingtheCOVID-19crisis.InternationalJournal of EnvironmentalResearch and PublicHealth.2020,17,3953..

Tetrick, L. E. Individual and organizational health in Research in Occupational Stress and Well-being, Vol. 2, eds P. Perrewé and D. Ganster (Stamford, CT: JAI Press), 2002, 117–141.

The Coalition for Mental Health and Wellbeing in the European Parliament URL:дата звернення: 15.03.2021).

Truglio J, Graziano M, Vedanthan R, Hahn S, Rios C, Hendel – Paterson B, et al. Global Health and Primary care; Increasing Burden of Chronic Diseases and Need for Integrated Training. Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine: A Journal of Translational and Personalized Medicine.2012; 79:464-74.

Serafini S., Parmigiani B., Amerio A., Aguglia A., Sher L., Amore M.,The psychological impact of COVID-19 on the mental health in the general populatioт. An International Journal of Medicine, Volume 113, Issue 8, August 2020, 531–537,

Wittchen, H.U.; Jacobi, F.; Rehm, J.; Gustavsson, A.; Svensson, M.; Jönsson, B.; Olesen, J.; Allgulander, C.;Alonso, J.; Faravelli, C. et al. The size and burden of mental disorders and other disorders of the brain inEurope2010.EuropeanNeuropsychopharm.2011,21,655–679..

World Health Organization. «Mental health: strengthening our response». URL.:дата звернення: 25.02.2021).

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright Notice

Articles in the Psychological Journal are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. For more detailed information, please, fallow the link -