Prolonged hostilities on the territory of Ukraine have a destructive effect on the psychological health of the country population, and participants of the joint force operation are particularly affected. In national science, impacts of hostilities on people are studied deeply: participation in the Joint Forces (JF) operation can lead to personality maladaptation, which affects mental health and hinders social adaptation.
The consequences of hostilities for people, in particular links between self-concept disharmony and manifestations of socio-psychological adaptation / maladaptation experienced after JF operation participation, need special attention, as its help propose psychological corrective methods to overcoming personal maladaptation of JF operation participants.
Many scientific works are devoted to an individual’s self-concept; in particular, its formation and structure were examined in the scientific works of E. Berne, C. Rogers, M. Savchina, O. Furman and others; component composition of self-concept in at early maturity were revealed in the works of G. Kraig; influence of difficult life circumstances on self-concept component composition, in particular, participation in the Joint Forces operation with acquired disabilities, was revealed by I. Chukhriy. An individual’s socio-psychological adaptation was discussed in the scientific works of V. Petrovsky, A. Furman, A. Nalchadjian, J. Piaget, S. Rozum and others.
To study the features of JF operation participants’ self-concept and its relationship with the manifestations of socio-psychological adaptation, theempirical study was conducted, the results of which are presented in the article.
According to the obtained empirical data, the examined JF operation participants had mainly normative socio-psychological adaptation; but, a third of the participants manifested maladaptive features, such as low tolerance to stress, low adaptability skills, poor socialization, high internal aggression (irritation, suspicion), destructive behaviour (dependence, poor sociability, avoidance of challenges).
The disharmonious type of self-concept was shown by one third of the studied participants. This type is associated with manifestations of socio-psychological maladaptation, including personal and situational anxiety, indirect aggression, depression, proneness to conflict. Although the respondents showed the most often good socio-psychological adaptation, those participants who had maladaptation and disharmony of the self-concept need additional attention and psychological assistance.
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