Natalia Nazarenko
Master of Psychology, practicing psychologist, Kherson (Ukraine)
PDF 109-121 (Українська)


personal qualities
gender-role stereotypes

How to Cite



The article presented theoretically and empirically personal qualities important for a professional career. Basing on analysed scientific literature and the experimental study, we identified the most significant qualities of women and men important for professional growth. We found that women and men had personal factors influencing the active development of stable, conscious ideas about themselves and their place in the professional area.
The peculiarities of existing professional gender-role stereotype and their formation were substantiated. The peculiarities of research approaches to the problem of working women and men were revealed. All components of personal characteristics, assessment of one’s own personality as a professional one were closely related to professional development.
The specific personal characteristics in the professional careers of women and men were analyzed. We also determined that career choosing is influenced by personal, social and psychological factors. The analysed personal qualities influencing an individual’s professional development showed that every person has their own individual concept, motivation, motives, values, desires, by which they guided at career choosing.
The aspects of the study on an individual’s professional development were considered and the internal determinants determining further personal development were identified.
The article determines that personal, business qualities and skills should be highlighted; it helps to understand people’s weaknesses, strengths and fairly assess professional goals; such approach is the most comprehensive and productive.
Because personal qualities influence career building, there is reason to believe that there are some differences in the professional area of women and men: women are more focused on communication and interactions, they able to establish contacts with others and regulate relationships, while men have leadership qualities, showing independence in judgments, tend to focus on their own views and preferences, more courageous and independent.
The integrative role of personal factors for a specialist’s professionalization was empirically clarified. Professional work evokes a tendency to continuously develop boundless creative potential in various areas of life.

PDF 109-121 (Українська)


Asselmann, E., Specht, J. (2021). Personality maturation and personality relaxation: Differences of the Big Five personality traits in the years around the beginning and ending of working life. Journal of Personality, 89(2), 148-187 https://doi.org/10.1111//jopy.12640 [in German]

Berezovska, L., Rusyn, Ye. (2019). Psykholohichni aspekty proiavu konkurentozdatnosti maibutnikh spetsialistiv turystychnoi haluzi [Psychological aspects of the manifestation of competitiveness of future specialists in the tourism industry]. Naukovyi Visnyk Mukachivskoho Derzhavnoho Universytetu. Seriia «Pedahohikata Psykholohiia, 1(9), 252-255. DOI 10.31339/2413-3329-2019-1(9)-252-255. [in Ukrainian]

Bukalov, A., Boiko A. (1992) Sotsyonyka taina chelovecheskykh otnoshenyi y byoenerhetyka.[ Socionics: the mystery of human relations and bioenergy ] Kyiv: Soborna Ukraina. [in Ukrainian]

Chuiko, O., Kuravska N. (2019). Hender i kariera. [Gender and career] DVNZ «Prykarpatskyi Natsionalnyi Universytet Im. V. Stefanyka». Ivano-Frankivsk Suprun V.P. [in Ukrainian]

Dakhno, I. I. (2011). Dilova Kariera [Business career]. Kyiv: Tsentr гchb. Lit. [in Ukrainian]

Fetyskyn, N. Kozlov, V. Manuilov, H. (2002). Sotsyalno-psykholohycheskaia dyahnostyka razvytyia lychnosty y malykh hrupp [Socio-psychological diagnosis of personality development and small groups]. Moskva: yzd-vo Ynstytuta Psykhoterapyy. [in Russian]

Gragnano, A., Simbula, S. , Miglioretti, M. (2020) Work–Life Balance: Weighing the Importance of Work–Family and Work–Health Balance. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(3),907. DOI:10.3390/ijerph17030907 [in Italian]

Karamushka, T. (2015) Profesiina kariera osobystosti: sutnist, osnovni vydy ta funktsii. [Professional career of a person: essence, main types and functions]. Teoretychni i prykladni problemy psykholohii, 1(36), 181-190 [in Ukrainian]

Lemak, M., Petryshche, V. (2012). Psykholohu dlia roboty. Diahnostychni Metodyky: zbirnyk. [Psychologist for work]. Uzhhorod: Vydavnytstvo Oleksandry Harkushi. [in Ukrainian]

Lozovetska V.T. (2015). Profesiina kariera osobystosti v suchasnykh umovakh (monohrafiia) [Professional career in modern conditions: monograph]. Lviskyi NPTs IPTO NAPN. 279, Kyiv [in Ukrainian]

Nychkalo, N. (2014). Rozvytok profesiinoi osvity v umovakh hlobalizatsiinykh ta intehratsiinykh protsesiv: monohrafiia [Development of vocational education in the context of globalization and integration processes: monograph]. Kyiv: NPU im. M.P. Drahomanova. [in Ukrainian]

Oksamytna, S. M. (2004). Henderni Roli Ta Stereotypy [Fundamentals of gender theory: textbook. manual]. Kyiv: K.I.S. [in Ukrainian]

Shcherbakova, I. (2012). Psykhodiahnostyka profesiinoho samovyznachennia osobystosti [Psychodiagnostics of professional self-determination]. Sumy: SumDPU [in Ukraine]

Shcherbatiuk, B.A. (2006). Psykholohichni osoblyvosti samovyznachennia zhinok oriientovanykh na upravlinsku diialnist [Psychological features of self-determination of women focused on management]. Candidate’s thesis. Kyiv: Kyivskyi Natsionalnyi Universytet imeni Tarasa Shevchenka [in Ukraine]

Sutin, A., Costa, P., Miech, R., Eaton, W., Pers, J. (2009). Personality and Career Success: Concurrent and Longitudinal Relations, 23 (2), 71-84. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2747784/pdf/nihms128885.pdf

Tkachenko, A., Vvedenskyi, H., Dvorianchykov, N. (2016). Sudebnaia seksolohyia [Forensic sexology]. Moskva: BYNOM [in Russian]

Urquijo, I., Extremera, N., Azanza, G. (2019). The Contribution of Emotional Intelligence to Career Success: Beyond Personality Traits. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, doi: 10.3390 / ijerph16234809 [in Spainish]

Velykyi tlumachnyi slovnyk suchasnoi ukrainskoi movy (z dod. i dopov.) (2005)./ uklad. i holov. red.V.T. Busel. Kyiv: VTF “Perun”, 1728. [in Ukrainian]

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright Notice

Articles in the Psychological Journal are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. For more detailed information, please, fallow the link - https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/