Yulia Udovenko
Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
Evgeniya Gladyshko
Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
PDF 18-27 (Українська)


anti-bullying policy

How to Cite



The article is devoted to the problem of bullying and anti-bullying policy in school institutions. The problem of bullying, from a scientific point of view, began to be studied at the end of the 20th century. Today, this issue is covered in all laws and programs related to ensuring a safe educational environment for participants in the educational process. Bullying, as a social and pedagogical problem, has been actively studied since the beginning of the development of information and communication technologies, which contributed to the rapid dissemination of not only verbal, but also media information: photo and video facts about manifestations of bullying between children. The article presents the results of the research "Unicef", "La Strada-Ukraine", which indicate the prevalence of the phenomenon of bullying among children. The essence of the concept of "bullying" is revealed, as well as categories that are close in meaning: "violence", "aggression", "bullying", "bullying", "conflict". The structural components of the roles of the bullying process are described: initiators or offenders, helpers of offenders, defenders of the victim, victims and observers. The article provides data on anti-bulging programs in foreign countries and focuses on the problem of anti-bulging policy in educational institutions of our country. Three main approaches that make up the anti-bullying policy of schools are analyzed: disciplinary, restorative and an integrated approach, which is implemented using two directions: managerial and educational.

The directions of anti-bullying policy at school are presented, namely managerial and educational. The managerial direction is organized and implemented by the head of the educational institution. The constituent components of activities in this area are an analysis of the current situation in an educational institution, the development of an official position of the institution regarding bullying and informing all participants in the educational process about it, the development of rules of conduct for all participants in the educational process and informing about them, defining the responsibilities and responsibilities of participants educational process in relation to the rules of safe behavior in an educational institution, instructing employees, students and parents. Whereas the educational direction is characterized by informing, explaining, developing the skills of tolerance and non-violent communication of all participants in the educational process.


PDF 18-27 (Українська)


Aver'yanov, A. I. (2013) Bulinh yak vyklyk suchasniy shkoli [Buling as a challenge to the modern school]. Pedahohika, psykholohiya ta sotsiolohiya, 18, pp. 45-50.[in Ukrainian]

Alyeksyeyenko, T. F. (2018) Bulinh y mobinh: prychyny rozvytku ta shlyakhy profilaktyky [Bullying and mobbing: causes of development and ways of prevention]. Osobystistʹ u prostranstve vykhovnykh innovatsiy. Kyiv: NAIR, pp. 19-25. [in Ukrainian]

Balyuk, V. P., Spiryakova, S. V. & other (2019) Bulinh: realiyi ta shlyakhy podolannya [Bullying: realities and ways to overcome]. Poltavsʹkyy natsionalʹnyy pedahohichnyy universytet imeni V. H. Korolenka, Biblioteka imeni M. A. Zhovtobryukha. Poltava. [in Ukrainian]

Bulinh ta kiberbulinh u pidlitkovomu seredovishchi [Bullying and cyberbullying in adolescence]. Statystychni dani otnosytelʹno bulinhu sredy pidlitkiv Ukrayiny. URL: (data zvernennya: 13.03.2021). [in Ukrainian]

Beron, R. (1997) Ahresiya [Aggression]. SPB .: Piter, 1997.[in Russian]

Glazman, A. L. (2009) Psikhologicheskiye osobennosti uchastnikov bulling [Psychological features of bullying participants]. Izvestiya Rossiyskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta im. A. I. Gertsena, 105, pp. 159-165.[in Russian]

Hunʹko, A. YU., Veretenko, T. H. Yavishche bulinhu v zahalʹnoosvitnʹomu navchalʹnomu zakladi yak sotsialʹno-pedahohichna problema. URL: (data zvernennya: 13.03.2021).[in Ukrainian]

Drozdov, O. V. (2007) Fenomen tretiruvannya v shkoli: shlyakhy vyrishennyu problemy [The phenomenon of bullying in a secondary school as a socio-pedagogical problem]. Sotsialʹna psykholohiya, 6, pp. 124-132. [in Ukrainian]

Yemel'yanov, S. M. (2001) Praktikum po konfliktologii [Workshop on conflictology]. SPb.: Piter. [in Russian]

Koval, R., Koval, О. (2021) Pidkhodi do profilaktyky bulinhu (tsʹkuvannya) v zakladakh osvity [Approaches to bullying prevention (harassment) in educational institutions]. URL: (data Zvernennya: 13.03.2021).[in Ukrainian]

Komplekt osvitnikh prohram «Vyrishennya konfliktiv myrnym Shlyakhy. Bazovi navychky mediatsiyi» [A set of educational programs "Conflict resolution by peaceful means. Basic mediation skills]. URL: (data Zvernennya: 13.03.2021).[in Ukrainian]

Kocherhina, I. A. (2016) Kryteriyi ta formy psykholohichnoho nasylʹstva [Criteria and forms of psychological violence]. Problemy suchasnoyi psykholohiyi, 33, pp. 314-326. [inUkrainian]

Maksym, K. V. (2018) Osoblyvosti komunikativnoyi vzayemodiyi uchasnykov bulinhu v pidlitkovomu seredovishchi [Features of communicative interaction of bullying participants in adolescence]. PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL, 2 (12), pp. 67-82. [in Ukrainian]

Norkyna, E. H. (2016) Metodyka na vyyavlennya «bullinh-struktury» [Methods for identifying "bullying structure"]. Tavriysʹkyy naukovyy ohlyadach. 3 (8), pp. 170-174. [in Russian]

Osvitnya prohrama hurtka «Vyrishennya konfliktiv myrnym Shlyakhy. Bazovi navychky mediatsiyi» [Educational program of the circle "Conflict Resolution by Peaceful Way. Basic mediation skills]. URL: Zvernennya: 13.03.2021).[in Ukrainian]

Osvitnya prohrama fakulʹtatyvu «Virishuyu konflikty ta buduyu svit vokruh sebe» [Educational program of the elective "Resolve conflicts and build peace around you]. URL: (data Zvernennya: 13.03.2021).[in Ukrainian]

Sydorchuk, I. (2015) Bulinh yak aktualʹna sotsialʹno-pedahohichna problema [Bullying as an urgent socio-pedagogical problem]. Naukovyy visnyk Skhidnoyevropeysʹkoho natsionalʹnoho universytetu imeni Lesi Ukrayinky. Pedahohichni nauky, 1, pp.169-173. [in Ukrainian]

Skorbun, I., Flyarkovsʹka, O., Usatenko, H. Orhanizatsiya protidiyi ta poperedzhennya bulinhu (tsʹkuvannyu) v zakladi osvity [Organization of counteraction and prevention of bullying (harassment) in an educational institution]. URL: (data Zvernennya: 13.03.2021). [in Ukrainian]

Stvorennya systemy sluzhb porozuminnya dlya vprovadzhennya mediatsiyi za pryntsypom «Rivnyy-rivnomu / rivna-rivniy» ta vyrishennyu konfliktiv myrnym Shlyakhom u zakladakh osvity [Establishment of a system of understanding services for the implementation of mediation on the principle of "peer-to-peer / peer-to-peer" and peaceful resolution of conflicts in educational institutions]. Kyiv: FOP Nichoha S.O. 2018. [in Ukrainian]

Tilikina, N. V. Bulinh (tsʹkuvannya) v zakladi osvity yak yavishche [Bullying (harassment) as a phenomenon, its forms and participants]. URL: (data Zvernennya: 13.03.2021). [in Ukrainian]

Tsyuman, T. P., Boychuk, N. I. (2018) Kodeks bezpechnoho osvitnʹoho seredovyshcha [Code of safe educational environment: method]. Kyiv. [in Ukrainian]

Olweus, D. (2004) Bullying at school: Prevalence estimation, a useful evaluation design, and a new national initiative in Norway. Association for Child Psychology and Psychiatry Occasional Papers, 23, 5-17.

Pepler, D., Craig, W., Connoly, J., Yuile, A., McMaster, L., Jiang, D. A (2006) developmental perspective on bullying. Aggressive Behavior. 32, 4, 376-384.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright Notice

Articles in the Psychological Journal are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. For more detailed information, please, fallow the link -