PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL 2017-12-26T01:55:53+02:00 Klimovskyi Stanislav Open Journal Systems <p>'Psychological journal' is a peer-reviewed scientific review, published by H. S. Kostyuk Institute of Psychology of the National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine from 2015 year, 6-12 times a year.</p> <p>The scientific review is listed in Special edition of scientific professional publications of Ukraine (Resolution of the Ministry of Education of Ukraine 22.12.2016 № 1604), and it has The Certificate of state registration of the printed source of mass media in Ukraine (KB № № 21164-10964 Р of 16.12.2014). Attributed ISSN is 2414-0023 for printed journal and 2414-004X for its electronic version.</p> <p>Editorial Board of the Collection consists of at least 42% of international members. The scientific review also publishes the authors with foreign affiliation.</p> <p>Program goals (basic principles) include the development and dissemination of scientific knowledge in the field of psychology. The collection of research papers is published for charitable purposes and intended for free distribution.</p> <p>The scientific review publishes materials, which cover problems of psychological science and practice, promote their wide distribution and overall development of psychological knowledge. The aim of publication is to provide a deeper integration and close cooperation between science and practice, promote the introduction of new scientific and applied research, publish papers of renowned and respected authors and also the papers of young researchers.</p> PSYCHOLOGICAL PECULIARITIES OF ENGINEERING ACTIVITY 2017-12-26T01:55:46+02:00 Tetiana Hura <p>The article describes a research in a modern engineer’s professional activity which is quite complicated and responsible. The author highlights such psychological peculiarity of engineering activity and an engineer’s personality as specificity and clear directedness of their thinking. It is noted that a psychological peculiarity of an engineer’s professional activity is their distinctive systematic way of thinking which enables them to encompass and duly take into account a rather broad range of demands, conditions, and limitations. It is stressed that as a characteristic peculiarity of engineering activity should be regarded the essential place taken in its psychological characteristic by the controversy inherent in many people, including engineers, between certain inertance of thinking and the need in its innovative directedness stipulated by demands of technological progress. It is noted that the peculiarity of engineering activity consists in the fact that those engineers’ professional activity proves to be successful who possess an intrinsic ability of effectively overcoming inertance of thinking, developing and efficiently displaying their creative abilities and general innovative directedness when selecting, stating, and fulfilling complex engineering decisions. The author believes that in current conditions of development and application of ever more complicated machines, devices, and appliances an engineer’s professional activity takes place within large designing or industrial collectives where each employee specializes in performing certain functions or in a common work allotment.</p> <p>Attention is stressed in the article on another peculiarity which consists in an interesting psychological aspect connected with collective character of engineering activity, which is why a psychological peculiarity of engineering is the necessity for engineers of possessing a highly developed sense of personal responsibility for results and possible consequences of their activity.</p> <p>It is noted that a peculiarity of an engineer’s professional activity which has a pronounced psychological character consists in their clear realizing the fact that considerable number of engineering decisions are of a double nature, performing both a constructive and destructive role. It is accentuated that as an outstanding psychological peculiarity of engineering activity should be considered the presence of psychological conflicts of various origins and character in it.</p> <p>A special attention is stressed by the author that complexity in understanding the priority of a human by engineers becomes a psychological peculiarity, noting that both an engineer’s activity itself and their personality proper are to enhance their humanity and spirituality, and that responsibility should be the dominant of this activity.</p> <p>It is proved in the article that knowledge of psychological peculiarities enhances efficient training of engineer-leaders, development and fulfillment of their leadership potential and creativity aptitudes.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2017-12-26T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## PROFESSIONAL SUCCESS OF FUTURE PSYCHOLOGISTS IN THE RISK SOCIETY 2017-12-26T01:55:51+02:00 Inna Chugueva Svitlana Kuznetsova <p>There is considered the problem of professional success of future psychologists in the society of risk. The main psychological components of professional success are described. There is considered the connection of professional success in the risk society with the ability to solve difficult life situations. The expediency of attracting of future psychologists in solving difficult life situations as a value-semantic basis of the personal educational paradigm is substantiated.</p> <p>It has been determined that professional success as a concept has many components of its content, it includes individual, social, economic, functional and activity components, which reveal the meaning of this concept both in general and in every concrete example. Professional success is a certain result, which is created in the process of assimilation, mastering and realization of a person in his or her professional activity.</p> <p>Considering the problem of professional success of future psychologists, it is noted that the professional and personal aspects which are interrelated and mutually related, constitute the essence of the problems of professional development of the individual.</p> <p>The conception of new goals and means, ideological orientation sand forms of organization of educational activity is offered to be taken in to account of requirements of formation and development of the ability to handle both problem situations in general and with situations of risk in particular.</p> <p>It is emphasized that in the society of risk the professional task of a practicing psychologist acquires a new meaning – the formation of a special culture of social and individual life with the observance of there quirements of anthropological, social, psychological safety.</p> <p>It is shown that the profession of psychologist is becoming more practical-orientated, and psychologists are necessary specialists who are called to help the society and every citizen to find answer stourgent issues of the present, to provide psychological support to those who find themselves in difficult life situations.</p> <p>According to the results of the research, it has been shown that professional skills are not yet understood by students in a holistic way of professional activity. Thus, we can conclude that we should help the future psychologists to reveal the situational aspect of professional activity, to reveal the components of professional success precisely in the area of solving difficult life situations, to form psychological readiness for their solution during their professional training.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2017-12-26T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## PECULIARITIES OF FAMILY CONCEPTS OF CHILDREN DEPRIVED OF PARENTAL CARE 2017-12-26T01:55:51+02:00 Ivan Krupnik <p>In the article peculiarities of family concepts of children deprived of parental care are considered. The importance of choosing of an age category for qualitative research of the peculiarities of family concepts is emphasized. The technics used in the study are characterized. Ideas about the family are very important in the picture of the child’s world, because the planning of his future life depends on them. The concept of the family, attitudes, expectations have a great influence on the relationship in the family in the “husband-wife” and “parent-child” systems.</p> <p>The absence of a family is a deprivational factor, which negatively affects the form of family concept, namely, the positive perception of the future marriage, its formation, attitude to parental responsibilities. Comparative analysis of the results of empirical research of features ideas about future family life of children from full families and children deprived of parental care, has allowed to reveal significant differences, namely: it is established that the results of the indicators of orphan children received as a result of psychodiagnostic examination, significantly differ from those of respondents from the other sample, indicating the dependence features of family of representations of teenagers deprived of parental care, the influence of family deprivation. Significant differences in family representations of children from their families and children deprived of parental care relating to as a preventive of satisfaction with the marriage, demand for children and the image of the future family. Children deprived of parental care observed indifference to their offspring, which manifests itself in a negative attitude to child care, her discipline, to perform household duties. The idea of the future family, children deprived of parental care worse formed, less positive, intense situations of interaction between spouses and between children and parents.</p> <p>The prospects of further researches are seen in a thorough examination of factors that affect perceptions of children deprived of parental care, family life and the development on this basis, the psychological support of adolescents in this category.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2017-12-26T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## METHODS OF THE LIE DETECTION FOR STUDENTS WITH DIFFERENT LEVEL OF THE EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE 2017-12-26T01:55:44+02:00 Katerina Vasiuk Vladislava Bozhneko <p>Lie detection, the issue of the day in modern psychology, is analyzed in this article. Particularly, one of its types - non-instrumental detection - is discussed. The results of the examination of modern researches concerning effective ways of its detection, generalized diagnostic criteria which are used for detection in psychology are provided in the article. The main criteria used for experimental research can be described as: non-verbal-kinesthetic (facial expressions, gestures and postures), eye’s moves, vegetative indicators (face redness, tremor), paralinguistic signs (tone and timbre of voice, pauses, rate of speech), and also verbal means (grammar structure of the text and tirades).</p> <p>It was assumed that the success in lie detection depends on the level of emotional intelligence of a person because people with high level of emotional intelligence recognize and understand emotional condition of others way better. However, this assumption was not proved. People with high level of emotional intelligence evaluated their abilities to detect lie higher, however, in practice, they showed lower results because they relied on their own impressions and intuition rather than rational analysis. It was experimentally proved that the success in detection does not depend on the level of emotional intelligence but those means which person chooses for lie detection. Those methods which rely on text examination (tirades, pauses, language mistakes) are especially effective, on the contrary, non-verbal indicators (gestures and facial expressions) proved to be ineffective.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2017-12-26T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL FACTORS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE FUTURE SPECIALISTʼS SUBJECTIVE POSITION 2017-12-26T01:55:51+02:00 Valentina Vovk <p>The principle of orientation to the subject approach to learning became priority in the context of the social and economic transformations that take place today in our society. The purpose of which is a creation of the most favorable conditions for self-development and formation of the student's personality, identification and active use of its individual characteristics and organization of pedagogical interaction, in which the future specialist would be included subjectively.</p> <p>In our opinion, the subjective position of the future specialist is an integrative multicomponent psychological phenomenon that are determined by the system of meaningful, valuable and semantic attitudes to the learning, to the chosen profession, to himself as a specialist and to the own future professional way that are&nbsp; aimed at self-development and self-actualization.</p> <p>Based on the theoretical and empirical researches we identified and substantiated the psychological and pedagogical factors, that are contributes to the development of a student’s subjective position during a period of study at a higher school. Among them:</p> <ul> <li class="show">Actuality of the subjective interaction through the educational dialogue.</li> <li class="show">Assistance in acquiring subjective experience in the process of educational and professional activity of students.</li> <li class="show">Increasing self-regulation and self-control.</li> <li class="show">Harmonization of self-assessment and self-esteem.</li> <li class="show">Development of reflexive abilities.</li> </ul> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2017-12-26T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##