PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL 2019-05-14T15:31:43+03:00 Klimovskyi Stanislav Open Journal Systems <p>'Psychological journal' is a peer-reviewed scientific review, published by H. S. Kostyuk Institute of Psychology of the National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine from 2015 year, 6-12 times a year.</p> <p>The scientific review is listed in Special edition of scientific professional publications of Ukraine (Resolution of the Ministry of Education of Ukraine 22.12.2016 № 1604), and it has The Certificate of state registration of the printed source of mass media in Ukraine (KB № № 21164-10964 Р of 16.12.2014). Attributed ISSN is 2414-0023 for printed journal and 2414-004X for its electronic version.</p> <p>Editorial Board of the Collection consists of at least 42% of international members. The scientific review also publishes the authors with foreign affiliation.</p> <p>Program goals (basic principles) include the development and dissemination of scientific knowledge in the field of psychology. The collection of research papers is published for charitable purposes and intended for free distribution.</p> <p>The scientific review publishes materials, which cover problems of psychological science and practice, promote their wide distribution and overall development of psychological knowledge. The aim of publication is to provide a deeper integration and close cooperation between science and practice, promote the introduction of new scientific and applied research, publish papers of renowned and respected authors and also the papers of young researchers.</p> UKRAINIAN ADAPTATION OF THE QUESTIONNAIRE OF LEVEL AND STRUCTURE OF EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE FOR THE PSYCHOLOGICAL SELECTION OF POLICEMEN 2019-05-14T15:04:21+03:00 Vadym Barko Volodymyr Ostapovich Petro Oleshko <p>The article is devoted to the problem of the Ukrainian adaptation of the psychodiagnostic method of assessing the level and structure of the emotional intelligence of a person (MEI), developed by the Russian psychologist M.&nbsp;Manoilova. The study was conducted in order to improve the system of professional psychological selection of personnel for the National Police of Ukraine. Today’s interest in emotional intelligence is largely associated with researches showing the practical significance of this construct in various fields of activity; many authors argue that emotional intelligence is important for success in the legal, medical, pedagogical and engineering professions. The article outlines the theoretical foundations and the internal structure of adaptation process of this test, discloses the procedure and results of an experimental study to verify the reliability and validity of the adapted test, it include standard indicators for the general sample of police officers and standard test norms. The analysis of the differences between the average values of the emotional intelligence of police managers revealed that they are slightly higher than those of representatives of the pedagogical and medical professions. Also identified significant differences between the characteristics of emotional intelligence among police officers with different work experience. It has been established that experienced managers are not clearly aware of their feelings and emotions, have difficulty in managing their own emotions, as well as in understanding the emotions of other people. It has been shown that some indicators of the intrapersonal and interpersonal aspects of emotional intelligence can serve as indicators for determining the tendency toward emotional burnout of police officers. Comparison of test indicators on a sample of graduate students and police managers showed that students are less pronounced interpersonal characteristics of emotional intelligence. This means that this aspect of emotional intelligence is gradually being formed during the process of professional activity and communication. Such fact confirms the importance of using social education methods to development of emotional intelligence of higher education institutions’ students of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. The study confirmed the diagnostic verification of the psychodiagnostic test under consideration and the expediency of its use in the psychological selection of personnel for the National Police of Ukraine and in the process of the competitive appointment of police officers for positions.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2019-05-14T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## PECULIARITIES OF LOVE MANIFESTATION IN PERSONALITIES WITH DIFFERENT TYPES OF STRESSES 2019-05-14T15:07:06+03:00 Ann Chkhaidze Irina Tsilinko <p>The article is devoted to theoretical analysis and empirical study of the specificity of love manifestation in individuals with different types of stresses. Theoretical information of the concepts “love”, “character”, “accentuation of personality traits” and the influence of character on the person are analyzed in this article.</p> <p>We distinguish six different styles of love relationships according to a study of the model of “love styles” by Canadian psychologist and sociologist J. A. Lee. Each style corresponds to a certain system of feelings and arrangements: eros – it is a passionate physical love, where a partner’s appearance is important and relationships develop very quickly. Storge – the passion grows slowly out of affection and friendship, it is based on similar interests. Mania - painful passion that is often accompanied by affective flashes, jealousy and even a feeling of hatred for your loved one. Lovers of this sort hesitate between passion and despair. This love corresponds to our cultural stereotype of “romantic love”. Agape - altruistic, “sacrificial” love, self-giving love. Such lovers think not about themselves, but about partners and what they can do for them. There is more spirituality than physical desire in this type of relationship. Pragma - prudent, calm feeling, where common sense prevails. Pragmatic lovers know what they want from a relationship, and set conditions that must be respected.&nbsp; Ludus – this style is used by those who see love as a game, it's often not serious. Ludus lovers do not want to hurt, however, still often insult a partner. Sometimes this type of love implies relationships with numerous partners and is rarely accompanied by true deep feelings.</p> <p>According to A. N. Domracheva, the stress is a fundamental aspect in the formation of a growing personality, it determines socially significant behavior and activities.</p> <p>Types of character stresses, interpersonal relationships and styles of love in modern student youth were the subject of empirical analysis. We reviewed and analyzed the results of the correlation relationship between the types of character stresses and types of interpersonal communication with styles of love and it was found that these phenomena are closely related.&nbsp; A stress is the basis of personal development and is a driving aspect in its formation. It affects the formation of human behavior. The style of love is directly related to the character of the person. Person’s character traits, the choice of the type of interpersonal communication can play a major role not only in choosing a partner, but also in interpersonal interaction between lovers.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2019-05-14T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## CREATION AND STANDARDIZATION OF “THE INTERSUBJECTNESS DIAGNOSTIC SURVEY” 2019-05-14T15:27:36+03:00 Maria Nakonechna <p>Intersubjectness concept includes such features of human co-operation, which are focused on unleashing the potential of a person, improvement of personal subjectness, balance of empathy and self-realization in communication. The article proves that intersubjectness is closely related with activity, creativity, responsibility and reflexivity and thus, actually, happens to be a projection of self-actualization idea (A. Maslow) on the plane of interpersonality relations.</p> <p>The process of creation and standardization of Intersubjectness Diagnostic Survey lasted from August 2017 to February 2019, including pilot research and basic empiric research; results of the latter are presented in this article. 518 Ukrainian-speaking persons of young age with different residences and places of study (Nizhyn, Kyiv, Sumy, Chernihiv, Snovs’k, Pakul’) formed the test sample.&nbsp; Cronbach's alpha for the sample α=0,831, that is quite good level (higher than 0,8) of internal co-ordination and reliability of the survey. Survey showed sufficient retest reliability (Spearman's rank correlation coefficient r=0,516, р≤0,01) among test values of high school students at 6-months intervals between psychodiagnostic cross sections. Through Student's t-distribution statistically meaningful difference in intersubjectness was revealed between groups of men and women, diagnosed by means of Intersubjectness Diagnostic Survey. To check survey’s validity, results were compared with values received using alternative methods, such as vitality test (E.M.Osin screening version), scale of general efficiency, test of life-meaning orientations, «Level of subjective control» questionnaire, questionnaire of reflectivity by A.V. Karpov, questionnaire of emotional empathy. Substantial cross-correlations with all scales and methods, which were compared with Intersubjectness Diagnostic Survey, proves constructive and convergent valifity of this psychodiagnostic tool.</p> <p>Following factors were distinguished as the result of factor analysis: «Understanding of people and personal inspiration»; «Communication and co-operation»; «Accounting of other’s subject position»; «To hear other person and to be heard». Test norms were distinguished by means of z-scores with further calculation of low, middle and high levels of intersubjectness. The aim, research subject and field application of Intersubjectness Diagnostic Survey (by M. M. Nakonechna) are specified as well as detailed instruction to the questionnaire, its text and points calculation method.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2019-05-14T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## PERSONAL FACTOR UNDER CONDITIONS OF COOPERATION BETWEEN THE TEACHER AND STUDENTS IN THE CONTEXT OF THE HUMANISTIC PARADIGM 2019-05-14T15:29:06+03:00 Liana Marianenko Iryna Poklad <p><strong><em>The purpose of the article:</em></strong> to investigate the influence of positive or negative personal qualities of the teacher (levels of pedagogical activity and styles of pedagogical communication), which characterize the interaction as an interruption or assistance in the formation of the teacher's ability, in particular - the teacher's ability to form cognitive activity of students.</p> <p><strong><em>Methods of research:</em></strong> theoretical - methods of logical-psychological and historical-psychological analysis, synthesis, comparison, generalization of theoretical and experimental developments of the studied problem in the scientific literature, systematization, and scientific interpretation for generalization of theoretical and methodological foundations of consideration of the personal factor in the conditions of cooperation between the teacher and students in the context of the humanistic paradigm; empirical - conversation, observation, questioning, testing. The obtained results were subjected to quantitative analysis and qualitative interpretation by methods of data grouping with their further generalization.</p> <p><strong><em>The scientific novelty is that:</em></strong> the article presents the results an empirical study of the influence of positive or negative qualities of a teacher (styles of pedagogical activity and pedagogical communication) on the formation of students’ cognitive activity; it has been established that an individual style of pedagogical communication can be both positive and negative (for example, democratic, liberal, or authoritarian); it is revealed that the distribution of styles of pedagogical communication (positive and negative) occurs due to the difference in the development of pedagogical orientation and the different correlation of positive and negative moral potential of the teacher’s personality; it is proved that the ability of a teacher to cultivate the moral dualities of students a higher rank positive effect on his ability to form students’ cognitive activity than the ability of a teacher to from children’s mental abilities; it was established experimentally that the ability of a teacher to shape students’ cognitive activity influenced: having his own style of pedagogical communication and high self-esteem of his own creative abilities and the following types of teacher behavior are negatively affecting the ability to form children’s cognitive activity: responsibly generous, straight-aggressive, cooperating-conventional and nervously-skeptical.</p> <p>&nbsp; <strong><em>Practical significance:</em></strong> the analysis and interpretation of the scientific heritage of domestic and foreign scientists can significantly expand the perception of the psychological dimensions of the personal factor in terms of cooperation between subjects of the educational space in the context of the humanistic paradigm.</p> <p><strong><em>&nbsp;</em></strong><strong><em>Results:</em></strong> the material obtained during the study can be used by teachers at higher educational establishments during lectures, practical and laboratory classes on educational disciplines "General psychology", "Psychology of personality", "Pedagogical and age psychology", etc.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2019-05-14T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## CONTENT ANALYSIS OF SOCIAL EXPECTATIONS OF FUTURE SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGISTS 2019-05-14T15:31:43+03:00 Igor Popovych Olena Blynova <p>The article analyzes social expectations of future social psychologists, examines the results of research on the peculiarities of social expectations, and establishes psycholinguistic determinants of constructing social reality by personality.</p> <p>It is emphasized that the variability of the demands of social environment predetermines the need for constant prognostic activity of the subject of life activity, not only in relation to natural object relations, but also in the sphere of social interaction, social communication, and speech constructing practices in the form of peculiar social expectations.</p> <p>It is substantiated and proven that the strict quantification of texts, creation of a coding matrix, quantitative and qualitative content analysis, the empirical distribution of scales at all levels of the investigated parameters, the determination of correlation, ensure reliability, reliability and validity of the research of the psycholinguistic aspect of the social expectations of future social psychologists.</p> <p>It is established that the future social psychologists by the properties of social expectations showed such indices: internality (51.43%), not contradicting the results obtained by other researchers; activity (57.13%), the results of which almost coincide with the internality by the quantitative and percentage values; moderate results of openness (47.52%), which may indicate maturity and social competence of one part of the subjects and at the same time inability or unwillingness to interpret, outline their expectations – the second part of the subjects.</p> <p>It is proved that future social psychologists, interpreting the social field – define it, pay great attention to reflective aspects, take the position of «participant in the process».</p> <p>It is noted that taking into account the age-related, interesting features of the sample objectively reflected the measurement of the properties of the expected social reality and indicated the quantitative and qualitative psychological parameters of the social expectations of personality. It is proved that the content analysis allows measuring human behavior. It is shown how the sign-semantic formations acquire subjective meanings, become objective factuality, that influence the construction of the social reality by the personality.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2019-05-14T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##