PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL 2018-04-25T04:58:46+03:00 Klimovskyi Stanislav Open Journal Systems <p>'Psychological journal' is a peer-reviewed scientific review, published by H. S. Kostyuk Institute of Psychology of the National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine from 2015 year, 6-12 times a year.</p> <p>The scientific review is listed in Special edition of scientific professional publications of Ukraine (Resolution of the Ministry of Education of Ukraine 22.12.2016 № 1604), and it has The Certificate of state registration of the printed source of mass media in Ukraine (KB № № 21164-10964 Р of 16.12.2014). Attributed ISSN is 2414-0023 for printed journal and 2414-004X for its electronic version.</p> <p>Editorial Board of the Collection consists of at least 42% of international members. The scientific review also publishes the authors with foreign affiliation.</p> <p>Program goals (basic principles) include the development and dissemination of scientific knowledge in the field of psychology. The collection of research papers is published for charitable purposes and intended for free distribution.</p> <p>The scientific review publishes materials, which cover problems of psychological science and practice, promote their wide distribution and overall development of psychological knowledge. The aim of publication is to provide a deeper integration and close cooperation between science and practice, promote the introduction of new scientific and applied research, publish papers of renowned and respected authors and also the papers of young researchers.</p> SOCIAL-PSYCHOLOGICAL PATTERNS OF ECONOMIC SOCIALIZATION OF YOUNG FAMILY: THEORETICAL-EMPIRICAL RESEARCH 2018-04-25T04:58:29+03:00 Tetiana Melnychuk <p>In the article singled out the socio-psychological patterns of economic socialization of youth and identifies a number of priority values that are distinguished by student youth.</p> <p>On the basis of the theoretical and practical analysis was found that the behavior and attitudes that influence the formation of economic consciousness in young families are the consequence of the emotional dynamics of early childhood, in particular − relations with parents the economic consciousness of which was formed in another socio-economic environment. The importance of obtaining skills and relevant knowledge on financial literacy for successful economic socialization in an era of unstable and rapidly changing global economics. Economic socialization refers to those processes through which people learn to operate effectively in the economic sphere of society, processes of formation of economic and psychological characteristics of the individual. Confirmed that economic socialization is the formation in the person of economic thinking on the basis of its knowledge of economic reality, assimilation of economic knowledge, acquisition of skills of economic behavior and realization of them in real reality. The process of economic socialization of an individual is associated with his social conditions of different levels: with the socio-economic problems of society, with everyday life that occurs in different groups, with the influence of various means carried out by various agents of socialization, their own social experience. Consequently, on the basis of the conducted theoretical analysis and empirical research was determined that for the citizens of Ukraine, meaningful groups of economic values were values that are due to peculiarities of the transition economy namely: “Free services”, “Private property”, “Professional self-realization”, “Human values”, “Economic opportunities of the family”, “Economic experience, education”.</p> <p>Determined that priority directions of creation of the integral system of financial education are the development of psychologically grounded educational programs of integrated education for schoolchildren and students of educational institutions, the spread of the practice of integrating financial elements in the curriculum of various subjects, the development of a number of optional financial programs for schoolchildren, students the introduction of the course&nbsp; “Financial literacy” taking into account the peculiarities of transition to profile education, activation of the workshops, photo, video and animation courses.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2018-04-12T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## INNER WORLD AS THE SYSTEM WITH THE HIGH LEVEL OF NONLINEARITY 2018-04-25T04:58:28+03:00 Mykola Papucha <p>The article analyzes substantial difference of «inner world» system from other systems of high complexity and non-linearity which constitutes in its dirigibility (applicable not only to static inner structure, but to the very dynamics of inner world) by the factor, externally related to the system itself – a person who obtains this system. It is proved that personality, and only it, comes forward as the subject of its own inner world. It is mentioned that inner world has such necessary parameters, as high complexity level, increased non-linearity, efficiency and structuredness (and hierarchy subsequently), singularity, abilities of productivity, development and self-development. It is underlined that realization of administrative and regulatory (in fact, subject) functions in relation to inner world takes place through its structurization and re-structurization, mainly through the process of fully external activity. The idea is investigated that development of the system, its self-organization and creation of structures, inevitably requires the state of system unfirmness. It is achieved by presence and simultaneous intrasystem activity of two forces, identical by power rates but directed oppositely. It is underlined that one of those forces assists creation of structures, but at the same time increases heterogeneities in the environment (taking into account heterogeneous nature of the structure). Conclusion is drawn, that this process assists oppositions emergence and thus generates the second force intended for structures dispersion and erosion of all heterogeneities of the system. Action of this force disables structural fromation. But the process of development does not terminate completely. This force generates chaos, and on microlevel it comes forward not as destruction factor, but as force, which leads to self-structurization by appearance of nonlinear environment (attractor). It is notes that systems, similar to human psyche, include so-called «strange attractor» - future state of the system. It is summarized, that this theory does not abolish determinism: existence and development of inner world of a person still determine his/her future.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2018-04-12T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## COMBAT STRESS AND RESULTS OF ITS EMPIRICAL STUDY 2018-04-25T04:58:46+03:00 Oleg Blinov <p>The article deals with the phenomenology of combat stress and the conditions for its emergence. The actuality of the problem of combat stress and post-traumatic stress disorder of military men is shown. The analysis of opinions of experts about the features and possible levels of its manifestations has been carried out. The results of research on combat stress and post-traumatic stress disorder are presented. The reasons and peculiarities of the manifestations of the emotional experiences of military men as a result of traumatic stress are defined and considered with the help of the posttraumatic stress disorder screening questionnaire (PTSD SQ), the questionnaire of combat stress by O. A. Blinov (СSQ). The correlation relationships between the indicators of combat stress of the questionnaires were established.</p> <p>As a result of empirical studies, it has been determined that 8% of military men who participated in combat operations need an in-depth examination of the probability of post-traumatic stress disorder, and it was detected in 19% of them. Among the wounded combatants 13% require&nbsp; additional examination on the subject of post-traumatic stress disorder, and it was detected in 46% of military men.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2018-03-29T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## RESEARCH OF PSYCHOLOGICAL PECULIARITIES OF WOMEN IN PRECONCEPTION PREPARATION TO PREVENT THEIR PSYCHOSOMATIC DISORDERS DURING THE PREGNANCY 2018-04-25T04:58:45+03:00 Natalia Bondarenko Tetiana Narytnyk Oleh Slobodianyk Mariana Ziatdinova <p>Perform a brief theoretical analysis of the topic: how the physiological pregnancy proceeds, how the change in the hormonal background during fertilization and in the period of bearing the fetus affects the woman’s emotional state. The work examines the psychological state and traits of the nature of women before conception and how this set of psychological qualities can affect the course, at the end of pregnancy and after birth, with a view to their possible correction in pre-school preparation. Significant role is paid to the accentuation of character, its relation to the appearance of qualitative path psychological changes at the time of pregnancy and after it. We consider the probability of occurrence of a mental illness in connection with the birth of a child. We develop methods of prevention and prevention of the emergence of mental states; studying prenatal matrices, as aiding a newborn mother in building a happy future for her child.</p> <p>The psychic states combined the characteristics of mental processes and the characteristics of personality features. The analysis of the mental state allows to predict the behavior of the individual, its development and self-development. On the basis of mental process that dominated by women before pregnancy, psychic property is increasing and provokes the appearance mental states, which leads to the psychosomatic illness and the pathological course of pregnancy. So its possible to prevent the appearance of psychosomatic diseases and to give birth to a healthy child by researching&nbsp; the psychological peculiarities of non-pregnant women and&nbsp; by the timely detection of a pathologically altered mental state.</p> <p>Confirmed that by exploring the psychological peculiarities of non-pregnant women and the timely detection of a pathologically altered mental state, in the implementation of these knowledge in pregravidinary preperation, it is possible to prevent the emergence of psychosomatic diseases and to give birth to a healthy child.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2018-03-29T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## LIAISON OF DESTRUCTIVE MENTAL STATES OF THE SOCIAL-PSYCHOLOGICAL SERVICE WORKERS IN THE PENITENTIARY INSTITUTIONS COMBINED WITH BOTH PROFESSIONAL BURNOUT AND PROFESSIONAL DEFORMATION 2018-04-25T04:58:44+03:00 Maryna Chychuha <p>The liaison of destructive mental states of the social-psychological service workers of penitentiary institutions combined with both professional burnout and professional deformation has been analyzed here in.</p> <p>It is noted that the results of the empirical research indicate the low level of situational anxiety, the middle and elevated level of personal anxiety, intenseness and phobia of the social-psychological service workers in the penitentiary institutions.</p> <p>The middle level of professional burnout among respondents, as well as the beginner level of the workers professional deformation with less than 5 years’ experience in the penitentiary institutions, and the middle level of the workers with more than 5 years’ experience has been researched.</p> <p>The correlations links of situational and personal anxiety and intenseness combined with the social-psychological service workers professional burnout have been revealed.</p> <p>Thus, respondents who work in institutions less than 1 year found reverse correlation between their personal anxiety and depersonalization - a component of professional burnout, which indicates that with increasing personal anxiety, the negative and cynical attitude of young professionals towards work and convicts is reduced, and vice versa. It is noted that such a correlation may indicate the indifference of employees to their work and its result.</p> <p>Direct correlative links between the personal anxiety and depersonalization of persons who work in the penitentiary institutions for more than 5 years has been founded. It means that with increase of personal anxiety the level of cynicism in regard to convicts and negative attitude towards own work will also increase.</p> <p>The correlative links of the personal anxiety and reduction of the personal achievement has been found in all investigated groups of respondents which means the higher&nbsp; anxiety level, all the more negatively the workers&nbsp; evaluate their own professional achievements as&nbsp; well as themselves,&nbsp; feel their incompetence in professional field, and vice versa.</p> <p>Direct correlative links of the situational anxiety and achievements’ reduction of the workers with less than 3 years’ experience of work in penitentiary institutions has been researched. It means the higher anxiety level, all the more negatively the young workers evaluate their own professional achievements, feel their incompetence in professional field in specific situations of their professional activity.</p> <p>Direct correlative links between the intenseness and reduction of personal achievements of those who work less than 3 years has been found, i.e. the workers cannot properly evaluate their professional achievements being under stress.</p> <p>Direct correlative links between the situational anxiety and professional deformation of the penitentiary institutions workers with more than 3 years’ experience has been established. It was specified that in accordance to the revealed links at the anxiety level increasing the level of professional deformation has been noticed too.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2018-03-29T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##