PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL 2019-12-28T17:42:13+02:00 Klimovskyi Stanislav Open Journal Systems <p>'Psychological journal' is a peer-reviewed scientific review, published by H. S. Kostyuk Institute of Psychology of the National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine from 2015 year, 12 times a year (from 2019).</p> <p>The scientific review is listed in Special edition of scientific professional publications of Ukraine (Resolution of the Ministry of Education of Ukraine 22.12.2016 № 1604), and it has The Certificate of state registration of the printed source of mass media in Ukraine (КВ &nbsp;№ &nbsp;24063-13903 &nbsp;ПР&nbsp;of 22.07.2019). Attributed ISSN is 2414-0023 for printed journal and 2414-004X for its electronic version.</p> <p>Editorial Board of the Collection consists of at least 42% of international members. The scientific review also publishes the authors with foreign affiliation.</p> <p>Program goals (basic principles) include the development and dissemination of scientific knowledge in the field of psychology. The collection of research papers is published for charitable purposes and intended for free distribution.</p> <p>The scientific review publishes materials, which cover problems of psychological science and practice, promote their wide distribution and overall development of psychological knowledge. The aim of publication is to provide a deeper integration and close cooperation between science and practice, promote the introduction of new scientific and applied research, publish papers of renowned and respected authors and also the papers of young researchers.</p> PROFESSIONAL TOLERANCE AS A COMPONENT OF FOREIGN LANGUAGE LECTURERS’ READINESS TO CREATIVE PROFESSIONAL WORK AT UNIVERSITIES 2019-12-28T16:43:55+02:00 Kateryna Balakhtar <p>In today’s conditions, special attention is required to the professional tolerance of foreign language lecturers, which is a component of their readiness to creative professional work at university and requires proper training, inclusion into various spheres of public relations and professional work. Professional tolerance is a personal quality; it involves an active attitude towards others, based on the recognition of universal human rights and fundamental freedoms, respect, acceptance and correct understanding of the rich diversity of cultures of our world; it also mean self-expression and manifestation of human personality, readiness and ability to have an equal dialogue at university with synergetic interactions, developed tolerance to participants of the educational process, formed critical thinking, when&nbsp; each person is valued, but, at the same time, own ideological positions and value orientation are created. The applied <em>main principles of tolerance (trust cooperation, ecology of relations, self-esteem, self-respect, respect for others, society, synergism, creativity)</em> ensure different used approaches to establishing of tolerant relationships and help to analyze interactions at university and to form some qualities (characteristics or properties) that foreign language lecturers must acquire. The structure of the foreign language lecturers’ readiness for professional work (motivational, value, cognitive, affective, activity, reflexive components) is revealed.</p> <p>The conditions supporting development and formation of foreign language lecturers' professional creativity are highlighted. Creativity at educational process, professional competence, tolerance, work capability, qualification, the value-motivational, cognitive, affective, activity-reflective spheres, etc., depend directly on a foreign language lecturer, who should be a creative, tolerant person, possess the necessary “arsenal” of methods, technologies and be prepared to effective professional work at university.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2019-12-28T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## SPECIFICS OF INFORMATION ON THE INTERNET 2019-12-28T16:43:31+02:00 Halyna Chuyko Igor Zvarych <p>The article presents the results of the theoretical study of the specificity of information messages on the Internet in the context of the role of information in modern society, focusing on the basic properties of textual information and informativeness as its necessary characteristic.</p> <p>It is stated that, taking into consideration that the information society is characterized by a reflexive learning of information, which, reflecting rapid changes in the social system and life, is not reliable or factual, but has exclusively hypothetical probabilistic character, and the growing role of the Internet as a major source of information, the quality of information on the world electronic network is an important problem that needs to be solved.</p> <p>The phenomenon of information and its correlation with alike concepts (knowledge, facts) was analyzed, the main types and properties of text information, among which the special attention is focused on informativeness as the most important necessary characteristic of information messages on the Internet, were distinguished.</p> <p>It was pointed out that the analysis of the properties of information and the specifics of its submission on the Internet network demonstrated the lack of really important for the person and society, true factual information, and much of the Internet messages were objectively uninformative. The situation was caused by the circumstances that the modern Internet network had lost its purpose of being a macro-repository and source of the necessary for person and society information to a great extent, becoming a place, where the different quality information: from true and necessary to fake, meaningless and candidly absurd, had existed.</p> <p>It was shown that the Internet – a global means of mass communication in society, capable of rapid transmission of huge flows of information, – was the sign-symbolic abstract social system. But we can rely on the information in it only temporary and if necessary, because its quality is often questionable, and the format of presentation – fragmentary of the separate clips of information – deprives it of not only reliability and credibility, but also of meaningfulness.</p> <p>It was discovered that there were obstacles both in finding the necessary information on the Internet, and in the identification of its reliability and understanding of the meaning, caused in particular by the fragmentary-chaotic character of information’s submission, oriented not so much on informing people, but on the realization of the purpose of the hidden informational-communicative influence on individual and mass consciousness.</p> <p>It was concluded that in order to satisfy the user search and optimize the quality of information on the Internet, it should be accessible, reliable and valuable, should have signs of completeness and informative of coverage of the problem under study.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2019-12-28T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## THE JUSTIFICATION OF THEORETICAL-METHODOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS FOR THE EMPIRICAL RESEARCH ON ADOLESCENTS’ SELF-FULFILMENT 2019-12-28T16:42:37+02:00 Lesia Kolomiiets Viktoriia Solvar Tetiana Kozhedub <p>The article justifies the theoretical-methodological foundations for the empirical research on adolescents’ self-fulfilment. The article determines that adolescence is accompanied with strengthen self-reflection and ability to self-design, activation of self-determining and self-affirming processes, increase the need for self-development and self-realization; these processes require scientific attention in the context of studies on boys’ and girls’ self-fulfilment.</p> <p>National and foreign scientists’ approaches to definition of “personal self-fulfilment” were analyzed. By defining of the concept of “personal self-fulfilment”, the scientists emphasize an individual’s personal activities, his/her needs for self-realization and readiness for self-changes, creativity at fulfilment of diverse life tasks, his/her conscious need in fulfilment of personal potential and personal capacity development.</p> <p>The article determines that adolescents’ personal self-fulfilment should be understood as a conscious and continuous, endowed with signs of initiative activities, process of self-realization in life, which relies on self-determination, self-design, self-development, self-realization and self-actualization. Personal self-realization is accompanied by constant self-changes and self-improvements, determined by personal understanding of a life meaning and self-transcendence, own values and motivation attitudes. Personal self-realization is associated with the freedom of choices and accepted responsibility, achieved significant results in various areas of life-creation, relying on a person’s psychological resources and ability to use them effectively.</p> <p>A formal model is proposed that reveals the psychological content and structure of self-fulfilling through a set of its processes (self-determination, self-realization, self-actualization, self-development, etc.), forms (external and internal), components (motivational-value, acting-volitional, effective), determining a target point of personal self-fulfilment. Based on the performed theoretical analysis, the authors’ view on the components of adolescence’s personal self-fulfilment and its diagnostic indicators is offered, which will be studied in detail in the further empirical research.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2019-12-28T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## THE COMMUNICATIVE SPACE OF PERSONALITY FORMATION 2019-12-28T16:41:46+02:00 Svitlana Mykhalska <p>The article analyses theoretically the communicative space of a personality. The space of communicative phenomena in the psychology of personality means their cognition with the aims to correlate communicative personal features with certain reference points, to locate them in a system of theoretical and methodological coordinates, in order to know more deeply communicative qualities, to reveal their ambiguous essence, and to obtain additional information for scientific objectivity and social practice. By considering the motives for world-image constructing, we cannot avoid the fact that the human communicative nature gives every communicating agent a hope for mutual understanding with other people, when existential sympathy is awoken, so that each person can expect solidarity and support form society, which prevent extreme despair and loneliness. The communicative space of a personality is examined from two points of view: in the cognitive plan, in order to grasp objective evidences of personal being; and also it is important to present a sense of personal being in its reflection, namely, internally reflected relations with other peoples and the sign system of the reality as a whole. The article determines that the need in communications, as an individual’s generalized need, and communicative abilities are manifested at several levels: biological, social-personal and personal-reflexive. The article shows that the natural physical disunity of people, as well as their perceptions about each other can distort a dialogue, so communicators become too distant psychologically. To be a communicator means, in particular, to remain nominally the same person, but to be changed qualitatively, because the unity that we want to create with another person or group of people involves not only the exchange of most diverse values, that is namely communication, but also interactive acts, in particular, anticipation of pleasure, intellectual enjoyment of these contacts. The article proves that a highly cultivated communicative ability means that communications is implemented confidently, not instinctively or coercively, but as an initiation, an act.</p> 2019-12-28T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## THE FEATURES OF MOBILIZED MILITARY PERSONNEL’S STRESS RESISTANCE 2019-12-28T16:46:03+02:00 Katerina Pasko Tatiana Motruk <p>The article examines the scientific approaches to stress resistance, defines its components, analyzes stress management strategies, and discloses the mechanism of stress resistance formation. Thus, the performed analysis of a large number of modern scientific works concerning military personnel’s stress resistance allows us to state that the problem is interesting because effective stress overcoming can be achieved thanks to the understanding of the essence of an individual’s stress resistance, its main determinants and components, the studied methodological bases for stress resistance formation at military personnel during their professional development.</p> <p>In order to identify mobilized military personnel’s stress resistance, we carried out our empirical study on the basis of a jet artillery brigade, during which two groups of soldiers were investigated: mobilized soldiers working at the unit's permanent location (a combat free zone) and combatants. The study involved 60 people with an average age of 35 years; 30 of them were mobilized soldiers without combat experience at the anti-terrorist operation (ATO) zone and 30 respondents had combat experience at the ATO zone.</p> <p>The obtained results show that 10% of the military respondents at the unit`s permanent location and 20% of the combatants had high tolerance to stressful situations. These data show that, in a stressful situation, such respondents are rather composed and are able to regulate their own emotions. At the same time, 60% of the respondents at the unit`s permanent location and 80% of the combatants showed moderate tolerance to stressful situations, which indicates that these respondents do not always behave correctly and adequately in a stressful situation. The combatants did not show poor tolerance to stressful situations, but 30% of the military personnel at the unit`s permanent location were characterized by high overwork and exhaustion.</p> <p>According to the studied stress resistance, 50% of the military personnel at the unit`s permanent location showed the maximal stress resistance, as well as 16% of the respondents have high stress resistance, but a significant number of the respondents (34%) have low stress resistance. The combatants showed mostly (66%) high stress resistance and only a small number (4%) of them had low stress resistance. So, the results show that most of the combatants at the ATO zone are able to resist stress, while personnel at the unit`s permanent location are less resistant to stress conditions. Such indicators can be explained by insufficient physical, technical and psychological training of military personnel at the unit`s permanent location in difficult combat conditions. Military activities in the ATO zone usually enhance all individual resources and support effective actions.</p> <p>The article proves that the maintained psychological stability and combat activity of military personnel during hostilities can be ensured by the psychologically justified professional trainings and practical work, the creation of favorable social and psychological conditions and the use of special methods of an individual’s psychological regulation. A promising direction of further research of the examined problem, based on the received research material, is to identify motivational resources to increase stress resistance of mobilized military personnel.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2019-12-28T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##