SPECIFICS OF INFORMATION ON THE INTERNET
Halyna Chuyko
Yuriy Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3424-3348
Igor Zvarych
Yuriy Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2033-5054
PDF 21-42 (Українська)

Keywords

information
Internet
informational influence
informativeness
sign-symbolic social system
reflexivity of knowledge

How to Cite

Chuyko, H., & Zvarych, I. (2019). SPECIFICS OF INFORMATION ON THE INTERNET. PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL, 5(12), 21-42. https://doi.org/10.31108/1.2019.5.12.2

Abstract

The article presents the results of the theoretical study of the specificity of information messages on the Internet in the context of the role of information in modern society, focusing on the basic properties of textual information and informativeness as its necessary characteristic.

It is stated that, taking into consideration that the information society is characterized by a reflexive learning of information, which, reflecting rapid changes in the social system and life, is not reliable or factual, but has exclusively hypothetical probabilistic character, and the growing role of the Internet as a major source of information, the quality of information on the world electronic network is an important problem that needs to be solved.

The phenomenon of information and its correlation with alike concepts (knowledge, facts) was analyzed, the main types and properties of text information, among which the special attention is focused on informativeness as the most important necessary characteristic of information messages on the Internet, were distinguished.

It was pointed out that the analysis of the properties of information and the specifics of its submission on the Internet network demonstrated the lack of really important for the person and society, true factual information, and much of the Internet messages were objectively uninformative. The situation was caused by the circumstances that the modern Internet network had lost its purpose of being a macro-repository and source of the necessary for person and society information to a great extent, becoming a place, where the different quality information: from true and necessary to fake, meaningless and candidly absurd, had existed.

It was shown that the Internet – a global means of mass communication in society, capable of rapid transmission of huge flows of information, – was the sign-symbolic abstract social system. But we can rely on the information in it only temporary and if necessary, because its quality is often questionable, and the format of presentation – fragmentary of the separate clips of information – deprives it of not only reliability and credibility, but also of meaningfulness.

It was discovered that there were obstacles both in finding the necessary information on the Internet, and in the identification of its reliability and understanding of the meaning, caused in particular by the fragmentary-chaotic character of information’s submission, oriented not so much on informing people, but on the realization of the purpose of the hidden informational-communicative influence on individual and mass consciousness.

It was concluded that in order to satisfy the user search and optimize the quality of information on the Internet, it should be accessible, reliable and valuable, should have signs of completeness and informative of coverage of the problem under study.

 

PDF 21-42 (Українська)

References

Antonova, N. Ju. (2019). Metatekstovoe pojasnenie kak sredstvo, povyshajushhee informativnost' special'nogo teksta. [Metatext explanation as a means of increasing the informativeness of a special text]. Filologicheskie nauki. Voprosy teorii i praktiki, 5, Vol. 12, 188–192. DOI: 10.30853/filnauki.2019.5.40. [in Russian]

Babajkina, Ju. A. (2009). Informacija/informativnost' i informativnaja struktura teksta kak kljuchevye ponjatija tekstovoj dejatel'nosti (po vzgljadam I. R. Gal'perina). [Information / informativeness and informative structure of the text as the key concepts of textual activity (according to the views of I. R. Galperin)]. Armija i obshhestvo, 1. Retrieved from URL: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/informatsiya-informativnost-i-informativnaya-struktura-teksta-kak-klyuchevye-ponyatiya-tekstovoy-deyatelnosti-po-vzglyadam-i-r (data zvernennja : 08.08.2019). [in Russian]

Chaplak, Ja. V., & Chujko, G. V. (2018). Klipova haotychnist' jak manipuljatyvna tehnologija social'no-psyhologichnogo vplyvu v kiberprostori. [Chaotic clips as manipulative technology of social-psychological influence in cyberspace]. Psyhologichnyj chasopys / za red. S.D. Maksymenka, 13, Vol. 3, 21–40. DOI: 10.31108/2018vol13iss3pp21-40. [in Ukrainian]

Chujko, G. V. (2019). Sens absurdu i porjadok u haosi v konteksti informacijnogo prostoru sociumu. [The meaning of the absurd and order in chaos in the context of the informational space of society]. Psyhologichnyj chasopys / za red. S. D. Maksymenka, 22, Vol. 2, 9–24. DOI: 0.31108/1.2019.2.22.1. [in Ukrainian]

Chujko, G. V., & Chaplak, Ja. V. (2019). Internet jak chastyna suspil'nogo informacijnogo prostoru ta zasib manipuljacii' indyvidual'noju. [The internet as a part of the social communicative space and means of manipulation of individual consciousness]. Tehnologii' rozvytku intelektu, 1, Vol. 3. Retrieved from URL: http://www.psytir.org.ua/index.php/technology_intellect_develop/article/view/405. [in Ukrainian]

Dridze, T. M. (1984). Tekstovaja dejatel'nost' v strukture social'noj kommunikacii. [Textual activity in the structure of social communication]. Moscow : Nauka. [in Russian]

Fakt. (1979). Slovnyk ukrai'ns'koi' movy. [Dictionary of the Ukrainian language]. V 11 t. / AN URSR. Instytut movoznavstva / za red. I. K. Bilodida. Vol. 10. Kyiv : Naukova dumka, Retrieved from URL: http://sum.in.ua/s/fakt. [in Ukrainian]

Fromm, Je. (1998). Begstvo ot svobody. Chelovek dlja sebja [Escape from freedom. Man for himself]. Minsk : OOO «Popurri». [in Russian]

Gal'perin, I. R. (2006). Tekst kak ob#ekt lingvisticheskogo issledovanija. [Text as an object of linguistic research]. Moscow : KomKniga. [in Russian]

Giddens, Je. (2011). Posledstvija sovremennosti. [The consequences of modernity]. Moscow : Praksis. [in Russian]

Golubcov, P. V. (1998). Informativnost' v kategorii mnogoznachnyh preobrazovatelej informacii. [Informativeness in the category of multivalued information converters]. Problemy peredachi informacii, 3, Vol. 34, 60–80. Retrieved from URL: http://www.mathnet.ru/php/archive.phtml?wshow=paper&jrnid=ppi&paperid=418&option_lang=rus. [in Russian]

Hejzinga, J. (2019). Homo ludens / Chelovek igrajushhij. [Homo ludens / Man playing]. St. Petersburg : Azbuka. [in Russian]

Informacija. (1973). Slovnyk ukrai'ns'koi' movy. [ Dictionary of Ukrainian language]. V 11 t. / AN URSR. Instytut movoznavstva / za red. I. K. Bilodida. Kyiv : Naukova dumka, Vol. 4, 42. Retrieved from URL: http://sum.in.ua/s/informacija. [in Ukrainian]

Informatyvnist'. (1980). Slovnyk ukrai'ns'koi' movy. [Dictionary of Ukrainian language]. V 11 t. / AN URSR. Instytut movoznavstva / za red. I. K. Bilodida. Kyiv : Naukova dumka, Vol. 11, 686. Retrieved from URL: http://sum.in.ua/s/informatyvnistj. [in Ukrainian]

Ivanov, V. F. (2000). Ponjattja «informacija» u riznyh naukah. [The concept of "information" in different sciences]. Retrieved from URL: http://journlib.univ.kiev.ua/index.php?act=article&article=41. [in Ukrainian]

Judin, O. K., & Bogush, V. M. (2004). Informacijna bezpeka derzhavy. [Information security of the state]. Kharkiv : Konsum. [in Ukrainian]

Kamenskaja, O.L. (1990). Tekst i kommunikacija [Text and communication]. Moscow : Vysshaja shkola. [in Russian]

Kosova, M. V. (2013). Informativnost' dokumentnogo teksta: lingvisticheskie kriterii mery. [Informativeness of the document text: linguistic criteria of measures]. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija 2. Jazykoznanie, 3, 19, 85–89. Retrieved from URL: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/informativnost-dokumentnogo-teksta-lingvisticheskie-kriterii-mery. [in Russian]

Kuznecova, S. (2013). Kontent-strateg v novoj jepohe interneta. [Content-strategist in the new Internet era]. Retrieved from URL: https://texterra.ru/blog/kontent-strateg-v-novoy-epokhe-interneta.html. [in Russian]

Lepkaja, M. (2017). Chto takoe informativnost' s tochki zrenija pol'zovatelja i poiskovyh sistem. Opredeljaem kachestvo teksta. [What is informativity from the point of view of the user and searching system. We determine the quality of the text]. Retrieved from URL: https://ru.content.guru/articles/chto-takoe-informativnost-s-tochki-zreniya-polzovatelya-i-poiskovykh-sistem/. [in Russian]

Losev, A.F. (2009). Filosofija imeni. [The philosophy of name]. Moscow : Akademicheskij proekt. [in Russian]

Lotman, Ju.M. (1998). Struktura hudozhestvennogo teksta. [The structure of the artistic text]. St. Petersburg : Iskusstvo. [in Russian]

Partyko, Z. (2017). Vlastyvosti informacii'. [Properties of information]. Informacija, komunikacija, suspil'stvo 2017 : materialy 6-oi' Mizhnar. nauk. konf. IKS-2017, 18-20 trav. 2017 r. Ukrai'na, Slavs'ke., (pp. 136–137). L'viv, Ukraine : Vydavnyctvo L'vivs'koi' politehniky. Retrieved from URL: http://ena.lp.edu.ua. [in Ukrainian]

Peretjat'ko, Ju. M. (2017). Internet jak dzherelo otrymannja informacii' : statystychnyj aspekt. [The Internet as a source of information: a statistical dimension]. Naukovyj visnyk Polissja, 2, 10, Part 2, 203–207. DOI:10.25140/2410-9576-2017-2-2(10)-203-207. [in Ukrainian]

Pieters, W. (2017). Beyond individual-centric privacy: Information technology in social systems. The Information Society, 5, Vol. 33, 271–281. DOI: 10.1080/01972243.2017.1354108.

Pleskach, V. L., & Zatonac'ka, V. G. (2011). Informacijni systemy i tehnologii' na pidpryjemstvah. [Information systems and technologies at enterprises]. Kyiv : Znannja. [in Ukrainian]

Rajngold, G. (2011). Detektor figni. [Detector of bullshit]. Retrieved from URL: http://osvita.mediasapiens.ua/material/1555. [in Russian]

Samochornova, O. A. (2010). Informacijna nasychenist' ta informatyvnist' tekstu. [Information saturation and informativeness of the text]. Visnyk Zhytomyrs'kogo derzhavnogo universytetu, 52. Filologichni nauky, 225–228. [in Ukrainian]

Shljahova, R. A., & Manceva E. R. (2018). Tipologija znanija v SShA po F. Mahlupu kak teoreticheskij istochnik vyjavlenija tipov znanij, okazyvajushhih vlijanie na formirovanie politicheskogo soznanija amerikanskogo obshhestva. [The typology of knowledge in the USA according to F. Mahlup as a theoretical source for identifying types of knowledge that influence the formation of the political consciousness of American society]. Sociodinamika, 5, 44–51. DOI: 10.25136/2409-7144.2018.5.26210. [in Russian]

Valgina, N. S. (2003). Teorija teksta. [The theory of the text]. Moscow : Logos. [in Russian]

Znannja. (2002). Filosofs'kyj encyklopedychnyj slovnyk. [Philosophical encyclopedic dictionary]. Vol. VI. Retrieved from URL: https://studfiles.net/preview/5129867/page:35/ (data zvernennja : 08.08.2019). Kyiv : Abrys. [in Ukrainian]

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright Notice

Articles in the Psychological Journal are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. For more detailed information, please, fallow the link - https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/